Redis has grown to become one of the most popular NoSQL database systems (not to mention cache systems) in use today. Perhaps the biggest advantage Redis has over other NoSQL systems is that runs almost entirely in memory.
This means that, unlike the disk-based storage of a system like MongoDB, Redis is extremely fast. The downside of running in memory is, of course, that as your database size increases, so to does your memory usage. Redis’ FAQ has more details on the actual memory use required of a few simple examples, but for developers and database administrators, the pros and cons inherent in Redis are worth considering.
Part of the sheer power of Redis being a NoSQL and in-memory system is that some tasks that would require multiple, complex queries in relational database systems can be accomplished very easily in Redis.
One such capability, which we’ll explore here, is deleting everything in your entire database or even all databases!
It should go without saying: proceed with caution.
For most installations, Redis will be automatically launched with a startup or initialization script, but if you need to manually start the Redis server, this can be accomplished easily with the
redis-server command from your shell prompt.
$ redis-server  05 Feb 23:34:18.769 * Max number of open files set to 10032  05 Feb 23:34:18.772 # Server started, Redis version 2.8.4  05 Feb 23:34:18.777 * DB loaded from disk: 0.005 seconds  05 Feb 23:34:18.777 * The server is now ready to accept connections on port 6379
If successful, you’ll see an output from Redis similar to the above, indicating the server is running and which port it is attached to.
Accessing the Redis Command Line Interface
All Redis installations come with the the Redis Command Line Interface, which can be accessed by executing the
$ redis-cli 127.0.0.1:6379>
If Redis is running and you were able to connect, you’ll be viewing the
redis-cli prompt with the host and port specified, as seen above.
Deleting a Single Database
If your Redis instance is running multiple databases, these databases will be differentiated from one another by their unique
You may connect to a different database by entering the
select # command:
127.0.0.1:6379> select 1 OK 127.0.0.1:6379>
Notice that the
redis-cli prompt now indicates you are connected to database
To destroy a specific database, first
select it as above, then issue the
127.0.0.1:6379> select 1 OK 127.0.0.1:6379> FLUSHDB OK
Deleting ALL Databases
If you really hate your Redis instance and wish to destroy everything in the entire system, use the
127.0.0.1:6379> FLUSHALL OK
Terrifyingly simple, but that is how you can quickly (and too easily) delete everything in Redis.